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Preventing Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colourless film that forms in the mouth) builds up between gums and teeth. If the plaque is left undisturbed, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed. This first stage is called gingivitis.

If left untreated, this inflammation can progress to become periodontitis, which causes the gums and supporting bone structure to break down and leads to eventual tooth loss. In addition, research has shown that gum disease may be linked with other diseases, such as diabetes.

Luckily, periodontal disease can be prevented and treated.

Adding these habits to your daily routine can help keep your gums healthy.

Brush your teeth

Brushing for two minutes twice a day helps remove food debris and plaque trapped on and around your teeth and gums. Don’t forget to include your tongue, bacteria love to hide there.

Clean Between

Did you know that toothbrushing alone cleans only 60% of the tooth surfaces? To ensure that you reach all surfaces, clean between the teeth at least once a day. This helps remove food particles and plaque from between teeth and along the gum line that your toothbrush can’t quite reach.

Know your risk

Poor oral hygiene, smoking, age, family history and diet can all increase your risk for gum disease. If you are at increased risk, ask your dental professional for advice.

Have regular dental check-ups

A dental check-up is not just about your teeth. It will include a review of plaque level, gums, bone structure and other risk factors for gum disease. Identifying symptoms of gum disease early is key to protecting your teeth and gums. Regular dental check-ups are important as they will also include a full examination of your mouth, tongue and surrounding areas, such as your throat, to ensure that everything is healthy.